Atlas is the first cervical vertebra, which allows movement of the head forward – backward. Together with the shaft forms a joint that connects the skull and spine. When you are turning your head left and right, head and atlas rotate on the second cervical vertebra axis.
Atlas got the name by Atlas Titan, a character from Greek mythology, who was carrying on his back Celestial sphere.
Luxated Atlas and its consequences
We are born with more or less luxated (dislocated) Atlas. Dislocated position of Atlas causes hardening of the muscles and ligaments of the neck, and puts pressure on nerves, veins, arteries and lymph vessels.
Dislocated position of Atlas causes three basic types of problems:
- Not equal division of head’s weight on the spine causes: distortion of the entire musculoskeletal system, the difference in shoulders and hips height, the difference in leg length, scoliosis, and hip and knees pain
- Pressure on the nerves, especially the Nervus Vagus (the longest nerve of the vegetative nervous system), can cause: faintness, dizziness, loss of balance, nausea, excessive sweating, dyspepsia, irritable bowel or chronic constipation, and tachycardia.
- Pressure on veins and arteries, especially the internal carotid artery, can cause poor blood circulation, migraines, headaches, neck pain and stiffness, pain along the spine, pain in the shoulders and arms.